Safety and security on board ships are complicated matters involving a lot of parties. In the previous chapters we tried to elucidate this statement.

The big international regulatory organizations such as IMO, ILO, EMSA, WHO provide the necessary framework but the effective implementation on board is enforced by the flag state.

Safety comes at a price and the owner together with the selected classification society must be willing to invest the necessary money and technology to make shipping healthier.

Fortunately most ship owners do not have to be convinced of the fact that future shipping will only be possible in a safe and green environment.

Port state control becomes more and more effective and soon will rule out the majority of ship-owners with the wrong attitude.

All these efforts are not in vain. The following graph based on the frequency of the major claims for third party liability (UK P&I, insuring 20% of the world’s ships) such as incidents involving personal injury, cargo damage, pollution, or damage to property (e.g. other ships or port equipment) indisputably shows that shipping is getting safer.

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Figure 7: Major claims8

If we look at the environmental side of things and we calculate the GHG-emissions per ton transported shipping again is the champion.

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Figure 14-8: Comparative exhaust gas emissions1

However, this success should never become a reason to rest on his laurels but only invoke an increased eager to continue in the same direction.